Meaning and Argument: An Introduction to Logic Through Language
– by Ernest Lepore and Sam Cumming
Description: Meaning And Argument An Introduction to Logic Through Language by Ernest Lepore, 9781405196734
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For years, the standard textbook on logic was Copi’s Introduction to Logic, a comprehensive textbook that has chapters on language, definitions, fallacies, deduction, induction, syllogistic logic, symbolic logic, inference, and probability. It spends too much time on methods that are rarely used today, for example Mill’s methods of inductive inference. Amazingly, the chapter on probability does not mention Bayes (as of the 11th edition, anyway). Better is the current standard in classrooms: Patrick Hurley’s A Concise Introduction to Logic. It has a table at the front of the book that tells you which sections to read depending on whether you want (1) a traditional logic course, (2) a critical reasoning course, or (3) a course on modern formal logic. The single chapter on induction and probability moves too quickly, but is excellent for its length. Peter Smith’s An Introduction to Formal Logic instead focuses tightly on the usual methods used by today’s philosophers: propositional logic and predicate logic. My favorite in this less comprehensive mode, however, is Ernest Lepore’s Meaning and Argument, because it (a) is highly efficient, and (b) focuses not so much on the manipulation of symbols in a formal system but on the arguably trickier matter of translating English sentences into symbols in a formal system in the first place. – Posted by lukeprog at http://lesswrong.com/lw/3gu/the_best_textbooks_on_every_subject/ – by Books2Learn – 2018-02-27